Lincoln P. Brower
Ph.D. 1957 Yale University (Zoology)
B.A. 1953 Princeton University (Biology)
1957-1958- Fulbright Scholar, Genetics Laboratory, Oxford University
1958-1980- Instructor - Stone Professor of Biology, Amherst College
1980-1995- Professor of Zoology, The University of Florida
1995-1997- Distinguished Service Professor, Department of Zoology,
The University of Florida (Emeritus, 1 July 1997)
1997- Research Professor of Biology, Sweet Briar College
My current research is on the overwintering, migration and conservation biology of the monarch butterfly, which undergoes one of the most extraordinary annual migrations on our planet. I have been a student and admirer of the monarch for more than fifty years, as my publication list attests.
In collaboration with Linda Fink and scientists from UNAM (Morelia) and NASA-Goddard, our lab is integrating ecophysiology (cold tolerance and lipid metabolism), field exploration, geographic information systems (GIS), and microclimate modeling, to understand why monarchs are so selective in the habitats they use for wintering. In addition to my curiosity about the monarch's natural history, my work is motivated by the desire to provide sound scientific recommendations to the conservation organizations and government agencies charged with protecting the monarchs' fragile and disappearing habitat in Mexico, Canada and the United States. In 2008 I was honored to receive Reconocimiento a la Conservacion de la Naturaleza from the Mexican federal government, for my conservation work. The same year, the Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
My broader areas of interest include mimicry, ecological chemistry, chemical defense, scientific film making, riverine ecology, and the conservation of endangered biological phenomena and ecosystems. My colleagues Dick Vane-Wright and Linda Fink recently profiled my professional career in an article in the British magazine Antenna.
Selected recent publications
Brower, L.P., Williams, E.H., Fink, L.S., Slayback, D.A., Ramirez, M.I., Garcia, I.L., Zubieta, R.R., Weiss, S.B., Calvert, W.H., and Zuchowski, W. 2011. Overwintering clusters of the monarch butterfly coincide with the least hazardous vertical temperatures in the oyamel forest. Journal of the Lepidopterists; Society 65 (1): 27-46.
Brower, L.P., Taylor, O.R., Williams, E.H., Slayback, D.A., Zubieta, R.R. and Ramirez, M.I. 2011. Decline of monarch butterflies overwintering in Mexico: is the migratory phenomenon at risk? Insect Conservation and Diversity 5(2): 95-100. DOI: 10.1111/j.1752-4598.2011.00142.x.
Brower, L. P., E.H. Williams, D.A. Slayback, L.S. Fink, M.I. Ramirez, R.R. Zubieta Hernandez, M.I. Limon Garcia, P. Gier, J. A. Lear, and T. Van Hook. 2009. Oyamel fir tree trunks provide thermal advantages for overwintering monarch butterflies in Mexico. Insect Conservation and Diversity 2:163-175.
Brower, L. P., E. H. Williams, L. S. Fink, R. R. Zubieta-Hernández, and M. I. Ramirez. 2008. Monarch butterfly clusters provide microclimatic advantages during the overwintering season in Mexico. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society: 62 (4): 177-188.
Slayback, D. A., and L. P. Brower. 2007. Further aerial surveys confirm the extreme localization of overwintering monarch butterfly colonies in Mexico. American Entomologist 53:146-149. download pdf
Slayback, D. S., L. P. Brower, I. M. Ramirez and L. S. Fink. 2007. Establishing the presence and absence of overwintering colonies of the monarch butterfly in Mexico by the use of small aircraft. American Entomologist 53, 28-39. download pdf
Brower, L. P., L. S. Fink, and P. Walford. 2006. Fueling the fall migration of the monarch butterfly. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 46, 1123-1142.
Brower, L. P., D. R. Kust, E. Rendon-Salinas, E. G. Serrano, K. R. Kust, J. Miller, C. Fernandez del Rey, and K. Pape. 2004. Catastrophic winter storm mortality of monarch butterflies in Mexico in January 2002. In K. M. Oberhauser, and M. Solensky, editors. Monarch Butterfly Biology and Conservation. Cornell University Press, Ithaca.
Kellogg, S.K., L.S. Fink, and L.P. Brower. 2003. Parasitism of native luna moths, Actias luna (L.) (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) by the introduced Compsilura concinnata (Meigen) (Diptera: Tachinidae) in central Virginia, and their hyperparasitism by trigonalid wasps (Hymenoptera: Trigonalidae). Environmental Entomology 32: 1019-1027. download pdf
Bojórquez, -Tapia, Luis A., Brower, L.P., Castilleja, G., Sánchez-Colón, S., Hernández, M., Calvert, W.H., Díaz, S., Gómez-Priego, P., Alcantar, G., Melgarejo, E.D., Solares, M.J., Gutiérrez, L., & Juárez, M.de.L. 2003. Mapping expert knowledge: redesigning the monarch butterfly biosphere reserve. Conservation Biology 17: 367-379 .
Brower, L. P., G. Castilleja, A. Peralta, J. Lopez-Garcia, L. Bojorquez-Tapia, S. Diaz, D. Melgarejo, and M. Missrie. 2002. Quantitative changes in forest quality in a principal overwintering area of the monarch butterfly in Mexico: 1971 to 1999. Conservation Biology 16:346-359.