The current Archaeology laboratory fulfills multiple functions as a teaching lab and a research lab. Working with real artifacts in the lab, students learn what happens to artifacts after excavation. The teaching collections in the Archaeology Laboratory include artifacts from historic sites on Sweet Briar property such as a 19th century cabin site, 20th century trash collections at Sweet Briar, and artifacts recovered from the Tusculum property an ante-bellum 19th century plantation house. An archive of local topographic maps have been added to the lab's collection as well as local journals related to the archaeology of Virginia.
The lab also supports the stewardship of the Sweet Briar community's heritage as it processes and manages artifacts from past and ongoing archaeological surveys and excavations on campus.