Anthropology studies the full range of human experience from a variety of perspectives: how human biology sets the stage for human experience; how language works in social contexts; how people lived in the past and how their lives changed; and the ways in which people in different places and in different parts of their societies organize and experience their world today.

Anthropologists may study what biological aspects of human evolution allowed us to become complex language users and tool-makers, how environmental changes have been linked to social and cultural change, how gender, ethnicity, or national identities shape human experiences, or how people think about love and romance in conditions of market liberalization and globalization.